Rachel E. Schattman
Curriculum Vitae, 2018
Ph.D. 2016. University of Vermont, Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Burlington, VT.
Dissertation title: Vermont Agricultural Resilience in a Changing Climate: An Investigation of Farmer Perceptions of Climate Change Risk and Adaptation.
Graduate student fellow, the Gund Institute for Ecological Economics.
M.S. 2009. University of Vermont, the Rubenstein School of Environmental and Natural Resources, Burlington, VT.
Thesis title: Sustainability Indicators in the Vermont-Regional Food System.
B.A. 2004. Sarah Lawrence College, Bronxville, NY. B.A.
Research Fellow, USDA Northeast Climate Hub. 2016 – present. Director: David Y. Hollinger, USDA Forest Service Northern Research Station.
Associate, University of Vermont Extension. 2018 - present. Program director: Vernon Grubinger, Vegetable and Berry Program.
Owner and operator, Bella Farm. May 2009 – present. Bella Farm grows organic garlic.
Research Specialist, University of Vermont Extension. 2017- 2018. Program director: Vernon Grubinger, Vegetable and Berry Program.
Research Specialist, Agroecology and Rural Livelihoods Group, University of Vermont Department of Plant and Soil Science. 2015 – 2016. Lab director: V. Ernesto Mendez.
Lecturer, University of Vermont
Course Title: The Vermont Food System. (F09, F10, S12). Environmental Studies Department.
Course Title: Organic Farm Planning. (S16). Plant and Soil Science Department.
Served as a thesis advisor for Environmental Studies students concentrating in food systems.
Local Food Program Coordinator, Center for Sustainable Agriculture, UVM Extension. January 2009 – August 2012. Director: Linda Berlin.
Graduate Research Assistant, University of Vermont, 2008-2009. Writing in the Disciplines Program.
Graduate Teaching Assistant, University of Vermont. Rubenstein School of Environment and Natural Resources, 2007-2008. Department of Plant and Soil Science, 2014-2015.
Agricultural Experience (as an employee)
Butterworks Farm, Westfield, Vermont. May 2008 - August 2008.
Does’ Leap Farm, Bakersfield, Vermont. February - August 2007.
Hudak Farm, Swanton, VT. June - August 1999, 2001, 2002, 2007.
Employee, Shikshanter: The People’s Institute for Re-envisioning Education and Development, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India. October 2005 – March 2006. Co-directors: Manish Jain, Vidhi Jain, Shilpa Jain.
PROFESSIONAL SERVICE AND RELEVANT EXTRA CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES
Editorial Board Member, Society and Natural Resources (SNR). January 2019 - December 2021. SNR publishes cutting edge social science research that advances understanding of the interaction between society and natural resources. Social science research is extensive and comes from a number of disciplines, including sociology, psychology, political science, communications, planning, education, and anthropology.
Affiliate, Gund Institute for Ecological Economics. Burlington, Vermont, 2018 – present. The mission of the Gund Institute is to bring together scholars and leaders to accelerate research, uncovers solutions, and tackle the world’s most pressing environmental issues.
Volunteer, Winrock International Farmer to Farmer Program, Mboro, Senegal, 2017. Winrock International volunteers spend time bringing their knowledge and expertise to farming communities around the world. I served for two weeks, teaching about sustainable soil management and agroecological practices with vegetable farmers.
Committee Member, Agricultural and Natural Area Committee (ANAC) of Monkton, Vermont, 2013 – 2016. ANAC leverages town tax dollars to conserve and protect natural and agricultural areas in Monkton, Vermont.
Council Member, UVM Farmer Training Program, 2011 – 2015. The UVM Farmer Training Program is a 6-month educational experience of non-college age students. Topics include production and marketing of vegetable crops.
Steering Committee Member, Agricultural Vendor Representative, Burlington Farmers’ Market, 2014 – 2015. The Burlington Farmers’ Market is one of the largest farmers’ markets in Vermont, with over 80 vendors.
Board Member, Rural Vermont, 2012 – 2014. Rural Vermont is a farmer advocacy organization that works for economic justice for farmers statewide.
Board Member, Common Roots, 2010-2011. Common Roots is a farm-to-school education program in South Burlington, Vermont.
Student representative, University of Vermont Socially Responsible Investment Workgroup (SRI). 2008-2009. SRI reports to the UVM Board of Trustees.
Volunteer, Grow Team ONE Community Garden, 2007 – 2009. Served as a compost and garden mentor at the Riverside Garden site in Burlington, Vermont.
Volunteer, Association of Africans Living in Vermont, New Farms for New Americans Program. May 2008 – October 2008.
Association for Environmental Studies and Sciences. Member since 2018.
Soil and Water Conservation Society. Member since 2017.
Agriculture, Food and Human Values Society. Member since 2016.
International Association for Society and Natural Resources. Member since 2016.
Northeast Organic Farming Association of Vermont. Member since 2007.
Vermont Vegetable and Berry Growers Association. Member since 2009.
ADDITIONAL TRAINING AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Summer Institute on Cyberinfrastructure, The National Socio-environmental Synthesis Center (SESYNC). July 2018.
Teaching Socio-environmental Synthesis with Case Studies, The National Socio-environmental Synthesis Center (SESYNC). July 2016.
Supervising Today’s Student Employees, UVM Human Resources Services. January – February 2012.
Facilitative Leadership: Tapping the Power of Participation, Interaction Associates. January 2010.
Field Guide to Evaluation Short Course: A program evaluation training session facilitated by the Community Food Security Coalition at their annual conference. October, 2010.
Extension Professional Improvement Conference (EPIC), UVM Extension annual professional development trainings. Attended annually 2009 - 2014.
Susannah Walsh Daloz, UVM final Masters project in the UVM Food Systems Masters Program, 2018. “Climate change adaptation for farmers: A collaborative curriculum design project.”
Annie Fitzgerald, UVM undergraduate honor thesis, 2016. “Massachusetts farmers and climate change.”
Hannah Link, UVM undergraduate honor thesis, 2014. “Spotted wing drosophila exclusion netting for organic blueberries: Trellis design for Vermont farmers.”
Sarah Alexander, UVM undergraduate thesis, 2013. “Female farmers and sustainable agriculture in Vermont: A qualitative inquiry and ethnographic analysis.”
Brienne Tommey, UVM undergraduate honors thesis, 2012. Committee Chair. "Digging up the dirt on community gardening: Exposing the barriers and challenges of shared urban garden plots."
Melissa Cameron, UVM undergraduate thesis, 2011. “An assessment of UVM’s native produce.”
Water management on Northeast vegetable farms. In collaboration with UVM Extension and regional agricultural industry organizations, I developed a program entitled Whole Farm Water. This multi-stage project is designed to increase water use efficiency in commercial Northeast vegetable operations. There are many unknowns about how and why farmers currently use water, and how those practices may change in an era of shifting precipitation patterns and changing regulatory landscapes. My work in this area falls into the following categories: (1) a survey of farmers to better understand current water management strategies; (2) on-farm data collection using water meters (to measure water use), soil moisture probes (to measure demand), and regionally available climate data (to measure demand); and (c) a review of water withdrawal regulations within the six New England states, specifically as they apply to commercial agriculture. Future work will include field trials to test the effects of different “irrigation cues” used by commercial farmers on agroecological outcomes (including yield, soil nutrient availability, etc.).
Climate change and agriculture in the northeastern United States. My research in this area began during my doctoral research with Dr. V. Ernesto Mendez at the University of Vermont. In my subsequent post-doctoral fellowship with the USDA, I led several projects that are topically related, but are self-directed (in collaboration with several partners). Research activities include (1) a two-part survey in Vermont (2013 and 2016) on farmer perceptions of climate change and associated, on-farm best management practices, (2) a series of 45 interviews (2014 and 2016-2017) with farmers and agricultural advisors on agriculture and climate-risk, (3) two national-scale surveys (2016 and 2017) of USDA field staff on climate change perceptions and their professional use of weather and climate data, and (4) case studies of farmers in the northeast who are actively adapting to a changing climate (2016 and 2017). These projects use qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-methods approaches.
Local agriculture and food insecurity in Vermont. I developed a qualitative study under the supervision of Dr. Linda Berlin. The study examined how farmers play a critical role in helping individuals and families gain access to healthy, fresh, locally produced food. By better understanding how and why farmers work to address hunger in communities, Extension professionals can better support them to achieve the dual goals of food security and farm viability. We interviewed 15 farmers in 2012 to understand what strategies were being used to address hunger in Vermont.
Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) management on organic farms. Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura), or spotted wing drosophila (SWD) is an invasive pest that will likely have severe economic impact on berry growers in the northeastern United States. In 2014, I conducted trials on two berry farms in northeastern Vermont. The study found that exclusion netting can be used in combination with good sanitation practices to control SWD in commercial raspberry production. The project also found that there is an unequal sex distribution of SWD inside netted plantings, with a higher concentration of female SWD found inside exclusion nets.
AWARDED GRANTS (as lead PI)
UVM College of Agriculture and Life Sciences/Extension Seed Grant, 2017. Whole Farm Water Policy Review Project. $5,000
Northeast Center for Advancement of Food Safety (FDA subcontract), 2017. UVM Food Safety Website Development Project. $12,000
Local Food Market Development Grant Program (Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets), 2014. For improvement of local food delivery to Vermont institutions. $5,000
Specialty Crop Block Grant Program (Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets, USDA), 2011-2013. “Growing a Community that Feeds Itself.” In partnership with the Saint Johnsbury Area Local Food Alliance. $20,000
Specialty Crop Block Grant Program (Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets, USDA), 2013-2014. “Spotted Wing Drosophila Exclusion Netting Study for Vermont Blueberries.” $17,000
Northeast Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (NE SARE) Graduate Student Grant (USDA), 2013-2014. “Spotted Wing Drosophila Exclusion Netting Study for Vermont Blueberries.” Awarded but declined. $14,000
AWARDED GRANTS (as Co-PI)
Agriculture and Food Research Initiative. (United States Department of Agriculture, NIFA), 2017. “Assessing Climate Perceptions and Developing Adaptation Resources for Small, Medium, and Beginning Farmers.” Role: Co-PD (Lead PI: Dr. Meredith Niles). $500,000
Agriculture and Food Research Initiative. (United States Department of Agriculture, NIFA), 2017. “The Climate Adaptation Fellowship: A Collaborative Curriculum Design Project.” Award Number 2016-11174. Role: Co-PD (Lead PI: Dr. Joshua Faulkner). $248,900
AWARDED GRANTS (as key personnel)
UVM Agricultural Research Competitive Hatch Award (USDA), 2015-2018. “Vermont Agriculture in a Changing Climate: Towards a Resilient Farmer Typology.” PI: V. Ernesto Méndez. Contributes to Post-Doctoral research work. $45,000
UVM Extension Competitive Grant Round, 2012. PI: Linda Berlin. “The New American Farmer: Technical Skills for Vegetable Growers Pilot Program.” Awarded, but left position before project started. $51,000
UVM Extension Competitive Grant Round, 2009-2011. PI: Linda Berlin. “Around the Table with Local Food Pilot Program.” $71,000
PEER REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS (published, forthcoming or accepted)
Schattman, R.E., Hurley, S., and Caswell, M. (forthcoming). Now I see: Photovisualization to support agricultural climate adaptation. For Society and Natural Resources.
Niles, M.T., Wiener, S., Schattman, R.E., Roesch-McNally, G., and Reyes, J. (2019). Seeing isn’t always believing: Crop loss and climate change perceptions among farm advisors. Environmental Research Letters. ERL-105758.R2
Benkeblia, N., Schattman, R.E., Wiener, S. and Roesch-McNally, G. (2018). ‘Climate Change and Crop Production: Set the stage for Resilience’, in Benkeblia, N. (ed.) Climate change and crop production: foundations for agroecosystem resilience. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press/Taylor & Francis, pp. 1–23.
Schattman, R.E., Roesch-McNally, G., Wiener, S., Niles, M., Hollinger, D.Y. (2018). The influence of perceived risk, experiences with loss and disaster, and climate belief on use of weather and climate information in FSA services. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1742170517000783 Open Access PDF.
Warner, B.P., Schattman, R.E., & Hatch, C. (2017). Farming the Floodplain: Ecological and Agricultural Tradeoffs and Opportunities in River and Stream Governance in New England’s Changing Climate. In Case Studies in the Environment. DOI: 10.1525/cse.2017.sc.512407
Schattman, R., Méndez, V.E., Merrill, S.C., & Zia, A. (2017). Climate change best management practices: Evaluation of attributes by agricultural producer and technical service providers. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 42(2): 121-148. DOI 10.1080/21683565.2017.1357667
Schattman, R., Connor, D., & Méndez, V.E. (2016). Farmer perceptions of risk in the Northeastern United States. Elementa: Journal of the Anthropocene. Special Forum on Sustainability Agroecological Systems. DOI 10.12952/journal.elementa.000131.
Fernandez, M., Méndez, E.V., Mares, T. & Schattman, R. (2016). Agroecology and alternative agrifood movements in the United States: Towards a sustainable agrifood system. In Agroecology: A transdisciplinary, participatory and action oriented approach. Méndez, Bacon, Cohen, & Gliessman, Eds. CRC Press, Taylor Francis.
Schattman, R., Berlin, L., Boschner, F., & Lawrence, M. (2015). Farmers’ engagement with community food insecurity: Approaches, perspectives, and implications for Extension. Journal of Extension. 53(4): 4FEA2.
Schattman, R., Méndez, V.E., Westdjik, K., Caswell, M., Conner, D., Koliba, C., Zia, A., Hurley, S., Adair, E.C., Berlin, L., & Darby, H. (2014). Vermont Agricultural Resilience in a Changing Climate: A transdisciplinary and participatory action research (PAR) process. In Benkeblia, N. (Ed.) (2014) Agroecology, ecosystems and sustainability. Advances in Agroecology Series. CRC Press/Taylor and Francis.
Berlin, L., Schattman, R., Hamilton, J. (2012). Working towards the common table: The policy and program implications of Vermont’s unified approach to social justice, food insecurity and local food. The Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition, 7(2-3).
PEER REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS (in progress)
Schattman, R.E., Kaplan, M., Aitken, H.A., and Helminski, J. (in revision) Climate change curricula for adult audience in agriculture and forestry: A review. Submitted to the Journal of Adult and Distance Education.
Schattman, R.E., Caswell, M.J., & Faulkner, J.W. (in review) Eyes on the horizon: Temporal perspectives of climate risk and agricultural decision making. Submitted to Agriculture and Human Values.
Wiener, S., Roesch-McNally, G., Schattman, R.E., and Niles, M.T. (in revision) Ready, willing, and able? USDA field staff as climate advisors. Submitted to the Journal of Soil and Water Conservation.
Merrill, S. & Schattman, R.E. (in revision). Corn flea beetle (Chaetocenma pulicaria), Pantoea stewartii bacterium, and Stewart’s Wilt in corn: Shifts in geographic vulnerability of U.S. corn crops under different climate change scenarios.
Zia, A., Doran, E., Hurley, S., Tsai, Y., Koliba, C., Adair, C., Schattman, R.E., Mendez, V.E., and Rizzo, D. (in revision). Social psychological determinants of farmer intentions to adopt nutrient management practices: Implications for resilient adaptation to climate change in the Lake Champlain Basin.
OTHER RESEARCH PUBLICATIONS AND REPORTS
Wiener, S., Roesch-McNally, G., Schattman, R.E. (2018). National Survey of USDA Field Staff on Climate and Weather: Results from a survey of Natural Resources Conservation Service and Farm Service Agency Employees. Washington D.C.: USDA Climate Hubs.
Schattman, R.E. (2017). Agroecology in Africa: Focus on Soil Stewardship in Senegal. Guest blogpost, Winrock International.
Warner, B., Schattman, R.E. (2017). Farming in the floodplain: Overcoming tradeoffs to achieve good river governance in New England. Case study published by the National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center (SESYC), Bethesda, MD. PDF.
Schattman, R.E. (2017). Clovercrest Farm: A Family Dairy in Charleston, Maine. Case study published by the USDA NE Climate Hub. Durham, NH.
Schattman, R.E., Izzo, V., Chen, Y.F. (2015) Exclusion netting for managing spotted wing drosophila on berry farms in the northeastern United States. Agroecology and Rural Livelihoods Group Research Brief # 3: University of Vermont.
Schattman, R.E., Aitken, H.M., Méndez, V.E. & Caswell, M. (2014) Climate change resilience on Vermont farms: A research report for service providers. Agroecology and Rural Livelihoods Group Research Brief # 2: University of Vermont.
Schattman, R. & Méndez, V.E. (2012). Vermont farm resilience in a changing climate: A survey of agricultural service providers. Agroecology and Rural Livelihoods Group Research Brief # 1: University of Vermont.
Berlin, L., Hamilton, J., & Schattman, R. (2011). Working towards the common table: How Vermont addresses social justice and food access with local food and why it matters. Opportunities for Agriculture White Paper Series, Food System Research Collaborative, University of Vermont.
Schattman, R., Nickerson, V., and Berlin, L. (2010) Dissolving the doublebind: Strategies for expanding food access and developing Vermont’s local food system. Report prepared for the Farm to Plate Project, Vermont Sustainable Jobs Fund. Updated by R. Schattman and S. Sawyer in 2014.
Schattman, R. & Cannella, M. (2008). Maintaining farm identity through alternative marketing practices. Report prepared for the Intervale Center.
Schattman, R. (2008). Sustainable food sourcing and distribution in the Vermont-regional food system. Report prepared for the Sustainable Agriculture Council.
Schattman, R.E., & Faulkner, J.W. (2018). Whole Farm Water: Collaborative science for farm irrigation decisions in vegetable production systems (abstract 352915). Presented at 2018 Fall Meeting, AGU, Washington, D.C., 10-14 Dec.
Schattman, R.E. (2018). Whole farm water: availability, access, and quality on vegetable farms. Presentation at the Annual Meeting of the Vermont Vegetable and Berry Growers Association. Fairlee, VT.
Schattman, R.E. (2017). The potential influence of climate change on produce safety. Presentation at the Cross Border Workshop on Adaptation to Climate Change: Information and Tools for Decision Making. Hosted by the USDA Northeast Climate Hub, the Cornell University Institute for Climate Smart Solutions, and Agriculture and Agrifood Canada. Syracuse, NY.
Schattman, R.E., Wiener, S., & Roesch McNally, G. (2017). Climate change beliefs, risk perceptions, and use of climate and weather tools: reporting evidence from a national FSA and NRCS employee survey. Soil and Water Conservation Society Annual Conference. Madison, WI.
Barbieri, L, Weber, N., Virapongse, A. (2017). Informatics in social-environmental systems. Federation of Earth Science Partners (ESIP) Winter Meeting, North Bethesda, MD. (Schattman, R., guest presenter as part of a panel session.)
Schattman, R. & Faulkner, J.W. (2016). Communication navigation: Talking about climate change with farmers and landowners in the Northeast. ANREP/ NACDEP joint annual conference, Burlington VT.
Schattman, R. (2016). Socio-psychological perspectives on climate change risk management in agriculture. USDA Northeast Climate Hub Mitigation Workshop, Beltsville, MD.
Schattman, R. & Conner, D. (2016). Best Management Practices for On-Farm Climate Change Resilience in the Northeast: Social, Ecological and Economic Implications. USDA Northeast Climate Hub. (webinar). 130 participants.
Schattman, R. (2015). Exclusion netting for organic management of Spotted Wing Drosophila in organic blueberries and raspberries. Vermont Vegetable and Berry Growers Association annual meeting, Lake Morey Resort, Fairlee VT.
Schattman, R., Izzo, V., Hausmann, A., & Link, H.L. (2015). Exclusion netting for organic management of Spotted Wing Drosophila in organic blueberries and raspberries. Northeast Organic Farming Association of Vermont Winter Conference, University of Vermont, Burlington VT.
Schattman, R., Achilich, K., & Berlin, L. (2014). Who deserves food assistance? Food Insecurity, multi-stakeholder approaches to food system development and perceptions of deservedness in Vermont. Presentation at The Association for the Study of Food and Society (ASFS) and The Agriculture, Food and Human Values Society (AFHVS) annual conference, Burlington Vermont.
Schattman, R., Grubinger, V., Maden, R. & Adair, E.C. (2013) Agricultural resilience in a changing climate. The Northeastern Organic Farming Association of Vermont Winter Conference, Burlington, Vermont.
Buckwalter, E., & Schattman, R. (2013) Farmer strategies for serving limited income customers. The Northeastern Organic Farming Association of Vermont Winter Conference, Burlington, Vermont.
Schattman, R. (2009). Collaborative marketing: An overview of existing models. The Stone Barn Center for Sustainable Agriculture. Young Farmers Conference.
Schattman, R.E., Wiener, S., Roesch-McNally, G., Niles, M.T., Champion, S.M., & Cobb, J. (2018), Socio-environmental synthesis: Exploring the relationship between climate events, agricultural crop loss, and climate/weather perceptions of USDA employees (abstract 344725). Presented at 2018 Fall Meeting, AGU, Washington, D.C., 10-14 Dec.
Schattman, R. (2014). Agricultural resilience in a changing climate: A transdisciplinary approach to on-farm adaptation and mitigation. Local solutions: Northeast climate change preparedness conference. Co-hosted by Antioch College and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Manchester, New Hampshire. Poster received honorable mention.
Schattman, R. & Achilich, K. (2013). A food systems approach to improving food security in Vermont. The 2013 Future of Food and Nutrition Conference. The Gerald J. and Dorothy R. Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University.
Schattman, R., Méndez, V.E., Westdjik, K., & Caswell, M. (2013). Vermont Agricultural Resilience in a Changing Climate. The Northeastern Organic Farming Association of Vermont Winter Conference, Burlington, Vermont.
Contemporary art and creative visual representation of scientific data
Racial and economic justice in food systems
Farm business planning, applied economics
Agricultural policy and regulations, impact on farm and forestry businesses